Tesla Autopilot Safety Defeat Device Gets a Cease-and-Desist From NHTSA

schwit1 writes: The National Highway Traffic Safety Association (NHTSA) is cracking down on a device that was designed to trick Tesla’s semi-autonomous Autopilot feature into thinking a driver is paying attention, in order to extend the amount of time that it will operate without anyone touching the steering wheel. NHTSA announced on Tuesday that it has sent a cease and desist letter to the makers of Autopilot Buddy, and has given the company until June 29 to end sales and distribution of the $199 product.
The device is a two-piece weighted hoop with magnets that wraps around a steering wheel spoke and registers with the car’s sensors as a hand on the wheel. Autopilot is programmed to disengage after a short period of time if the driver is not touching the wheel and ignores a series of alerts to take control.unity.

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Can NASA Protect Earth from Catastrophic Asteroid Collisions?

An anonymous reader quotes Qz:
NASA is not going to be able to find all the asteroids big enough to cause serious devastation on Earth by 2020 — or even 2033. Also: For a hypothetical attempt to send a spacecraft to divert an seriously dangerous incoming asteroid, we’ll need a ten year heads-up to build it and get it to the asteroid.
The good news? They’re working on it. “If a real threat does arise, we are prepared to pull together the information about what options might work and provide that information to decision-makers,” Lindley Johnson, NASA’s Planetary Defense Officer, told reporters.
But NASA’s methodology is now being criticized by former Microsoft CTO Nathan Myhrvold — in the peer-reviewed journal Icarus. An anonymous reader quotes Scientific American:

Since 2016, Nathan Myhrvold has argued that there are fatal flaws in the data from NASA’s NEOWISE mission to hunt space rocks… NASA is working to develop a follow-up space telescope that would use the same scientific approach to fulfill a mandate from the US Congress to discover nearly all of the space rocks that could pose a threat to Earth.
After 18 months of peer review, and plenty of acrimony on both sides, Myhrvold’s latest critique appeared on 22 May on the website of the journal Icarus. Among other things, he argues that NEOWISE estimates of asteroid diameters should not be trusted — a crucial challenge, because the size of an asteroid determines how much damage it would cause if it hit Earth. “These observations are the best we’re going to have for a very long time,” says Myhrvold. “And they weren’t really analysed very well at all.”
NASA hasn’t responded in detail to Myhrvold’s criticism, though a June 14th statement said their team “stands by its data and scientific findings,” noting that they’d also been published in several peer-reviewed journals.

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America’s ‘CyberWar’ With Foreign Governments Could Get More Aggressive

America’s Department of Defense “has quietly empowered the United States Cyber Command to take a far more aggressive approach to defending the nation against cyberattacks, a shift in strategy that could increase the risk of conflict with the foreign states that sponsor malicious hacking groups,” reports the New York Times. Long-time Slashdot reader TheSauce shares their report:
In the spring, as the Pentagon elevated the command’s status, it opened the door to nearly daily raids on foreign networks, seeking to disable cyberweapons before they can be unleashed, according to strategy documents and military and intelligence officials… The new strategy envisions constant, disruptive “short of war” activities in foreign computer networks… “Continuous engagement imposes tactical friction and strategic costs on our adversaries, compelling them to shift resources to defense and reduce attacks”…
The risks of escalation — of U.S. action in foreign networks leading to retaliatory strikes against U.S. banks, dams, financial markets or communications networks — are considerable, according to current and former officials… The chief risk is that the internet becomes a battleground of all-against-all, as nations not only place “implants” in the networks of their adversaries — something the United States, China, Russia, Iran and North Korea have done with varying levels of sophistication — but also begin to engage in daily attack and counterattack.
An article shared by schwit1 notes that officials in the Obama administration “were also worried that a vigorous cyber response…could escalate into a full scale cyber war.”
Yet the Times reports that this new policy reflects “a widespread view that the United States has mounted an inadequate defense against the rising number of attacks aimed at America.”

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Should Professional Sports Switch To Robot Referees?

Long-time Slashdot reader Esther Schindler writes: Everyone who watches sports spends some amount of time yelling at the umpire or sports referee. For the past few years we’ve also been shouting, “Replace that ump with a robot!”

But is it technically feasible? Is the current level of AI and robotics tech up to the job? This article starts with the assumption that someone seriously wants to create a robot umpire or sports referee and then evaluates whether it possible to build an accurate and trustworthy augmented reality solution today.

The article points out that professional tennis matches already apply AI to high-definition video feeds from up to six different cameras to dispense binding judgments on whether a ball was in or out. At the same time, not every officiating decision in every sport is so easily automated, since AI “can’t yet handle calls that hinge on judgment of players’ intent.”

But there’s a larger question: do we really want to remove those human watchers from our sports? “Sports is a human activity,” argues a professor of social sciences at Cardiff University in Wales, suggesting that human officials continue a cultural tradition which reminds us of who we are. “Humans are imperfect; that’s OK.”
What do Slashdot’s readers think? Should professional sports switch to robot referees?

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Dropbox Open Sources DivANS: a Compression Algorithm In Rust Compiled To WASM

Slashdot reader danielrh writes: DivANS is a new compression algorithm developed at Dropbox that can be denser than Brotli, 7zip or zstd at the cost of compression and decompression speed. The code uses some of the new vector intrinsics in Rust and is multithreaded. It has a demo running in the browser. One of the new ideas is that it has an Intermediate Representation, like a compiler, and that lets developers mashup different compression algorithms and build compression optimizers that run over the IR. The project is looking for community involvement and experimentation.

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Happy Birthday Alan Turing! How Modern Technology Could Win WWII In 13 Minutes

DevNull127 writes: A grateful reporter whose father-in-law liberated a concentration camp after D-Day reports on a high-tech team that “accomplished in 13 minutes what took Alan Turing years to do — and at a cost of just $7.”

“In late 2017, at the Imperial War Museum in London, developers applied modern AI techniques to break the ‘unbreakable’ Enigma machine used by the Nazis to encrypt their correspondences in World War II.”

Two Polish co-founders of a company called Enigma Pattern decided to honor Alan Turing’s ground-breaking work at Bletchley Park, where Turing had automated the testing of over 15 billion possible passwords each day by building what’s considered the first modern computer. They took the problem to a modern cloud infrastructure provider, renting what one describes as “2,000 minions that do the tedious work” — specifically, crunching 41 million combinations each second — using Grimm’s Fairy Tales to train an algorithm to recognize when they had found a commonly-used German word (including familiar bedtime stories like Hansel & Gretl and Rumpelstiltskin). “In the end the AI could not understand German. But it did what machine learning does best: recognize patterns.”

“After 13 minutes of minion work, boom! The new Bombe had broken the code.”

Turing’s birthday is Saturday — and it’s nice to see him being remembered so fondly.

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Oracle Plans To Switch Businesses to Subscriptions for Java SE

A reminder for commenters: non-commercial use of Java remains free. An anonymous reader quotes InfoWorld:
Oracle has revamped its commercial support program for Java SE (Standard Edition), opting for a subscription model instead of one that has had businesses paying for a one-time perpetual license plus an annual support fee… It is required for Java SE 8, and includes support for Java SE 7. (As of January 2019, Oracle will require a subscription for businesses to continue getting updates to Java SE 8.)
The price is $25 per month per processor for servers and cloud instances, with volume discounts available. For PCs, the price starts at $2.50 per month per user, again with volume discounts. One-, two-, and three-year subscriptions are available… The previous pricing for the Java SE Advanced program cost $5,000 for a license for each server processor plus a $1,100 annual support fee per server processor, as well as $110 one-time license fee per named user and a $22 annual support fee per named user (each processor has a ten-user minimum)…
If users do not renew a subscription, they lose rights to any commercial software downloaded during the subscription. Access to Oracle Premier Support also ends. Oracle recommends that those choosing not to renew transition to OpenJDK binaries from the company, offered under the GPL, before their subscription ends. Doing so will let users keep running applications uninterrupted.
Oracle’s senior director of product management stresses that the company is “working to make the Oracle JDK and OpenJDK builds from Oracle interchangeable — targeting developers and organisations that do not want commercial support or enterprise management tools.”

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Red Hat Changes Its Open-Source Licensing Rules

An anonymous reader quotes ZDNet:
When leading Linux company Red Hat announces that — from here on out — all new Red Hat-initiated open-source projects that use the GNU General Public License (GPLv2) or GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) v2.1 licenses will be expected to supplement the license with GPL version 3 (GPLv3)’s cure commitment language, it’s a big deal. Both older open-source licenses are widely used.

When the GPLv3 was released, it came with an express termination approach that offered developers the chance to cure license compliance errors. This termination policy in GPLv3 provided a way for companies to repair licensing errors and mistakes… Other companies — CA Technologies, Cisco, HPE, Microsoft, SAP, and SUSE — have taken similar GPL positions… In its new position statement, Red Hat explained that the GPLv2 and LGPL, as written, has led to the belief that automatic license termination and copyright infringement claims can result from a single act of inadvertent non-compliance.

“We hope that others will also join in this endeavor,” says Red Hat’s senior commercial counsel, Richard Fontana, “to reassure the open source community that good faith efforts to fix noncompliance will be embraced.”

ZDNet points out that the move to new licenses “doesn’t apply, of course, to Linux itself. Linus Torvalds has made it abundantly clear that Linux has been, will now, and always shall be under the GPLv2.”

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Tech Giants Urge Congress To ‘Protect Entrepreneurs’ From Supreme Court Ruling

U.S. states can now require online retailers to collect local sales taxes, according to a recent Supreme Court ruling that could affect thousands of third-party sellers on top tech sites. An anonymous reader quotes The Verge:
In fact, Amazon, which last year started collecting sales tax in all 45 states that require it by law, may have a substantial amount of work to do to help its Amazon Marketplace sellers stay compliant. Yet we don’t know if that burden will fall primarily on Amazon or if it will be the responsibility of the sellers. More than 50 percent of all sales on the site are conducted via third-party sellers, some of which use Amazon for fulfillment but otherwise operate independent small- to medium-sized businesses… Etsy, eBay, and others are in similar boats. According to the US Government Accountability Office, as much as $13 billion in annual sales tax revenue is at stake….
Etsy is concerned about what it sees as “significant complexities in the thousands of state and local sales tax laws” and that by overruling the Quill decision, the Supreme Court has put the ball in Congress’ court. “We believe there is now a call to action for Congress to create a simple, fair federal solution for micro-businesses,” Silverman added.
The Verge writes that “the case may be litigated for years to come to figure out how to account for the over 10,000 state jurisdictions that govern sales tax across the country. That is, unless congressional legislation supersedes the state court decisions… Even groups that were in favor of the ruling, like the nonpartisan research institute the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, are imploring Congress to act.”
eBay has already mass-emailed many of their users urging them to sign an online petition “to protect entrepreneurs, artisans and small businesses from potentially devastating Internet sales tax legislation.” The petition presses state governors, U.S. lawmakers, and president Trump to “support the millions of small businesses and consumers across the country.”

Keep reading to see what eBay is urging legislators to do…

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Researchers Fish Yellowcake Uranium From the Sea With a Piece of Yarn

Wave723 shares a report from IEEE Spectrum: Researchers at the U.S. Energy Department’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and LCW Supercritical Technologies made use of readily available acrylic fibers to pull five grams of yellowcake — a powdered form of uranium used to produce fuel for nuclear power reactors — from seawater. The milestone, announced in mid-June, follows seven years of work and a roughly US $25 million investment by the federal energy agency. Another $1.15 million is being channeled to LCW as it attempts to scale up the technique for commercial use. The effort builds on work by Japanese researchers in the late 1990s and was prompted by interest in finding alternative sources of uranium for a future time when terrestrial sources are depleted. “[U]ranium in seawater shows up in concentrations of around 3.3 parts per billion,” the report notes. “With a total volume estimated at more than 4 billion tons, there is around 500 times more uranium in seawater than in land-based sources.”

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